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2011全国英语考试二级复习资料06
第六课:工作

一.相关文化背景介绍

(一)杜松子酒
由于起原料使用杜松子而得名。 杜松子原为缓解疼痛所调配的药物,后来于17世纪由一名医生作为药酒开发成功的。作为解热剂,有利尿解热的效用。杜松子酒源于荷兰,但盛于英国。所以英国的杜松子酒名扬世界。

(二)白兰地
白兰地的原意是葡萄酒的灵魂。它是一种烈性酒,由葡萄酒或水果发酵后蒸馏而成。但须放在木桶里经过长时间的发酵。www.pets12345.com有名。产于法国西南部法国白兰地的故乡,依据法律,白兰地的原料品种及制作均要经过严格的确定,如不能达到标准,就不能称为白兰地。其中以康涅克白兰地(COGNAC-BRANDY)尤为驰名。

二.本课内容讲析
(一)对话解读
(二)课文讲解
词汇
qualification n. 资格,限制条件
[考点] a doctor’s qualification 当医生的资格
without any qualification不附带任何条件的
apply v. 提出申请(或要求)
[考点] apply oneself to 专心从事, 埋头于
apply to college 申请入大学
appreciate v. 赏识,感激
[考点] www.pets12345.com food 品尝佳肴
appreciate sb.’s friendship珍视某人的友谊
spoil v. 糟蹋,破坏,损坏
[考点] spoil for 迫切地想做,渴求做
determine v. 决定,决心
[考点] be determined to do sth. 决心做某事
determine on 决定
determine sb. to do sth.使某人决定做某事
employ v.雇佣
[考点] employ …as 把。。。用作
reverse v. 翻转, 颠倒
[考点] reverse oneself about… 完全改变对。。。的看法
短语
burst into 突www.pets12345.com(强调动作的程度);
insist on坚持;
表示一定要做某事,坚决主张做某事。 例:
Though it is raining, she insists on going outside. 虽然下着雨,她还是坚持要 出去。
compete with与。。。竞争
也可以说 compete against sb. 如为某时竞争,则是compete for/in sth.。 例:
Many businesses are competing against each other for this contract.
许多企业正在为赢得这个合同而彼此竞争。
apply for请求,申请;
用于比较正式、正规的请求,申请,如护照,签证等。例:
It’s a good chance and you should apply for this job.这是个好机会,你应当申请这个工作。
be aware of 知道,明白;
后面可接sb./sth.。例:
Are you aware of the importance of learning English?

你意识到学英语的重要性了吗?
I’m not aware of th e coming danger. 我没有意识到将要来临的危险。
句型
1. And I was very fortunate in being able to work for a TV and radio company called Keith Fordyce.
Called …称作,叫做; work for…为。。。而工作; be fortunate in doing sth..幸运能做某事。
2. My face turned www.pets12345.com the brandy, but I managed to serve it in the right glass.
Turned…the same …as同。。。一样;manage to do sth.设法做成某事。
3. A mixture of gin and tonic zoomed out of the glass, missing the general by inches, but hitting his wife between the eyes.
Missing, hitting 共同修饰zoom.

三.常考语法
独立主格
1. 独立主格结构的只要构成为名词/代词 + 现在分词/过去分词; 。。。+ 形容词; 。。。 + 副词;。。。+不定式; 。。。+介词短语 。例:
The test finished, we began our holiday.考试结束了,我们开始放假。
He came into the room, his ears red with cold.他回到房间时耳朵都冻红了。
2. 独立主格结构的主要特点是:其逻辑主语与句子的主语不同,它独立存在;名词或代词与后面的分词、www.pets12345.com词短语等是主谓关系; 独立主格结构一般有逗号与主句隔开。例:Weather permitting, we are going to visit Mary tomorrow.
如果天气允许,我们明天去看Mary。
This done, we went home.工作完成后,我们才回家。
Tom came out of the library, a large book under his arm.汤姆夹着本厚书走出了图书馆。

四.口试必备用语
有关职业询问的用语。
What’s your job?
What about your job?
What do you do for a living?
What’s your occupation?
What’s your itle?
I am unemployed now www.pets12345.coming for a job.
I’ll have an interview tomorrow.
If possible, I want to be an English teacher.
I’m not satisfied with my job now, Maybe I will change it.