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全国英语四级PETS4阅读精讲46
Passage:
1.
conservative adj 保守的, 守旧的
e.g.The researchers made a conservative guess at the population of Tokyo.
研究人员对东京的人口作了一项保守的估计。
rightist conservative ideas右倾保守思想
Conservative party (英国的)保守党
a conservative estimate审慎的估计
conservative grazing适度放牧
2.
spatial adj.空间的
3.
strain n.过度的疲劳, 紧张, 张力, 应变
e.g.Examinations cause mental strain.
考试引起思想上的紧张。
The strain of sleepless nights made her ill.
她由于连夜不眠的过度劳累而病了。
4.
hybrid n& adj. 杂种的; 混合的; 桥接的; 间生的
e.g.a hybrid animal杂种动物
a hybrid cell.杂交细胞
5.
ultimate adj最后的;最终的
e.g.the ultimate objective 最终目标
the ultimate truth 最终真理
ultimate cause终极原因
the ultimate ends of the world天涯海角
The union leaders declared that the ultimate aim of their struggle was to pay increase and improved working conditions for the workers.
工会领导人宣称他们斗争的最终目的是要增加工人工资和改善工作条件。

6.
accumulative adj.积聚的, 累积的
accumulation n.积聚; 堆聚物
accumulate v.积聚, 堆积
7.
strengthen vt,vi加强;增强变强 (weaken)
e.g.our enemy has greatly strengthened during the truce talks.
和谈期间,敌人力量已大为增强。
The front army troops were strengthened by a large contingent of students from the military academy.
前线部队得到了一大批军事学院学员的增援。
The fence was strengthened with wire.
这堵围栏用金属丝加固了。
8.
capacity n.容量, 智能, 才能,
e.g.This can has a capacity of four quarters.
这个罐的容量有四夸脱。
He is a boy with a mind of great capacity
他是一个具有理解力极强的头脑的孩子.
9.
innovation n. 革新;创新创新, 革新, 改革, 新发明

innovate vi.改革, 创新
e.g.The mass movement for technical innovation is vigorously forging ahead in the factory.
群众性的技术革新运动正在该厂蓬勃开展。
The innovation of air travel during this century has made the world seem smaller.
本世纪发明的空中飞行似乎使世界变小了。
technical innovation技术革新
a vitally important innovation in industry
一项具有重大意义的工业上的革新
10.
resemble v. 象, 类似
e.g.She resembles her mother in the way she moves her hands when she talks.
她说话时打手势的动作像她妈妈。
He strongly resembles his father.
他酷似他的父亲。

11.
identical adj. 同一的;同样的
e.g.We are identical in our views of what should be done.
我们双方对应当怎么办的看法是一致的。
This is the identical hotel that we stayed in last year.
这就是我们去年住过的那家旅馆。
These two designs are almost identical.
这两种式样几乎完全相同。
The handwriting on both cheques is identical.
两张支票上的笔迹完全相同。
(常与with连用)完全相同的
e.g.My opinion is identical with his.
我的意见和他的意见相同
12.
ingenuity n. 机灵, 独创性, 精巧, 灵活性
e.g.The boy showed ingenuity in making toys.
那男孩在制作玩具方面有独创性。
This is novel with a narrative plot of great ingenuity.
这是一部具有天才的情节的小说。
13.
advent n. 到来;来临
e.g.Now, with the advent and popularity of the home computer, its advantages and disadvantages have been a subject of discussion.
现在,随着家用电脑的再现和普及,人们开始讨论起家用电脑的优缺点了。
Since the advent of jet aircraft, travel has been speeded up.
自从喷气式飞机出现以来,旅行的速度大为提高。
With the advent of spring, everything comes to life again.
随着春天的到来,万物复苏了。
14.
credit v. 归功于
credit ...to...把...归功于; 把某数记入某人账户
credit sb. with 把...归因于某人
credit goes to归功于
e.g.The credit this time should go to Tom, who has done the most creative work.
这次的荣誉应该是汤姆的,他做了最有创意的工作。
we credited the invention to him.
我们将这项发明归功于他
He is credited with the invention.那发明该归功于他。
15.
preserve保存;保藏
e.g.You can preserve meat or fish in salt.你可以用盐保存肉或鱼。
Salt preserves food from decay.
盐能防止食物腐烂。
It is one of the duties of the police to preserve public order.
警察的职责之一是维持公共秩序。
The Town Council spent a lot of money to preserve the old castle and other places of historic interest.
市政委员会花了不少钱来维修那座古城堡和其它古迹。

16.
natural selection 自然选择
on the origin of Species 《物种起源》
17.
pertain(与to 连用) 属于;关于
e.g.His remark did not pertain to the question.
他的话同这个问题不相干。
18.
implication n.牵连, 含意, 暗示
e.g.He smiled, but the implication was that he didnt believe me.
他微微一笑,但这一笑暗示着他不相信我的话。
imply v. 暗示;暗指
e.g.Silence sometimes implies consent.
沉默有时暗指同意。
His manner of speaking implies that he was not willing to accept the agreement.
他讲话的态度意味着他不愿意接受这份协议。
The fact that www.pets12345.com the telephone implies that the family are out.
没人接电话意味着一家人都外出了。
19.
universe n. n.宇宙, 世界, 万物, 领域
e.g.our world is but a small part of the universe.
我们的世界只是宇宙的一小部分。