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攻克2011全国英语三级听力06
二、学会概括主旨大意
此类题型要求考生对听到的内容进行整体的把握和全面的领会。任何一段对话或独白都是围绕一个中心展开的,有时主旨大意较明显,有时则需要归纳。
此类题型常见的提问方式有:
What are the two speakers talking about?
What are the two speakers doing?
What is the talk/dialogue about?
What’s the topic of the passage?

三、学会细节题的寻找
听力考题要求考生听清、听懂事实信息,精确理解具体细节、特殊信息,如时间、地点、人物、价钱、数量、原因、目的、结果等,同时还要对所听到的信息作简单的处理,比如数字的运算、时间顺序、比较筛选、同义转换、因果关系、深层推理等。理解具体信息有助于把握话题内容、领会说话者意图。
常见的考查细节题的提问方式有:
When should...?
What is...?
How does the man...?
Where is the woman going?
Which of the following is right/ture?
Why did the speaker...?

四、学会分析问题之间的联系和背景知识的综合应用
考生应当在听力开始之前,浏览试卷上的选项,特别是仔细分析几道题之间的联系,并根据常识、背景知识进行积极地预测。

练习:
Questions 1~4 are based on the following dialogue between a librarian and a man.
1. What is the man doing?
[A] He is playing computer games.
[B] He is searching for information about Hollywood in the 30s and 40s.
[C] He is searching for information about the Golden Age in America.
[D] He is preparing to pring his article.
2. What does the librarian think of the topic the man is working on?
[A] She thinks it pretty big.
[B] She doesn’t have any idea about that.
[C] She considers it to be all right.
[D] She advises the man to give up the topic.
3. What does the man finally decide to modify his topic?
[A] Hollywood in the 30s and 40s.
[B] The history of movie studios.
[C] The history of movie studios in the 30s.
[D] The history of movie studios in Golden Age.
4. Where can the man find the relevant magazine articles?
[A] There aren’t any magazine articles about this topic.
[B] He has to go to another library.
[C] He can find them in the Reader’s Guide to Periodical Literature.
[D] He can find them on the Reference Desk.

听力原文
Questions 1~4:
W:Sir, you’ve been using the online catalogue for quite a while. Is there anything I can do to help you?
M:Well, I’ve got to write a paper about Hollywood in the 30s and 40s, and I’m really struggling. There are hundreds of books, and I just don’t know where to begin.
W:Your topic sounds pretty big. Why don’t you narrow it down to something like ...uh... the history of the studios during that time?
M:You know, I was thinking about doing that, but more than 30 books came up when I typed in “movie studios”.
W:You could cut that down even further by listing the specific years you want. Try adding “1930s” or “1940s” or maybe “Golden Age”.
M:“Golden Age” is a good idea. Let me type that in. Hey, look, just 6 books this time. That’s a lot better.
W:Oh, another thing you might consider. Have you tried looking for any magazines or newspaper articles
M:No, I’ve only been searching for books.
W:Well, you can look up magazines articles in the Reader’s Guide to Periodical Literature.
M:Okay, I think I’ll get started with these books and then I’ll go over the magazines.
W:If you need any help, I’ll be over at the Reference Desk.
M:Great, thanks a lot.
答案:1.B 2.A 3.D 4.C