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2010全国英语PETS5模拟填空06
Read the following text and fill each of the numbered spaces with ONE suitable word. Write your answers on ANSWER SHEET l.
  
Children who grip their pens too close to the writing point are likely to be at a disadvantage in examinations,(31) ___to the first serious investigation into the way in which writing technique Can dramatically affect educational achievement.
 
 The survey of 643 www.pets12345.com,ranking from pre-school t0 40-plus,also suggests(32) ___pen—holding www.pets12345.com deteriorated sharply over one generation,with teachers now paying far(33) ___attention to correct pen grip and handwriting style.
  
Stephanie Thomas,a learning support teacher(34)—___findings have been published,was inspired to investigate this area(35) ___he noticed that those students who had the most trouble with spelling(36) ___had a poor pen grip.While Mr.Thomas could not establish a significant statistical link(37) ___pen—holing style and accuracy in spelling,he(38) ___find huge differences in technique between the young children and the mature adults,and a definite(39) ___between near—point gripping and slow,illegible writing.
  
People who(40) ___—their pens at the writing point also show other characteristics(41) ___inhibit learning,(42) ___as poor posture,leaning too(43) ___to the desk,using four fingers to grip the pen(44) ___than three,and clumsy positioning of the thumb(which can obscure(45)——is being written).
  
Mr.Thomas believes that the(46) ___between elder and younger writers is(47) ___too dramatic to be accounted for simply by the possibility that people get better at writing as they grow(48) ___.He attributes it to a failure to teach the most effective methods,pointing out that the differences between(49) ___groups coincides with the abandonment of formal handwriting instruction in classrooms in the sixties.“The 30-year- old showed a huge diversity of grips,(50) ___me over 40s group all had a uniform‘tripod’grip.”