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2010全国英语PETS五级考前训练02



51.According to some doctors and politicians,the amount of salt consumed___
[A]exhibits as an aggravating factor to people in poor health
[B]cures diseases such as stroke and circulatory disorders
[C]correlates highly with some diseases
[D]is irrelevant to people suffering from heart disease

52.From Dr.Dustan’s study we can infer that___.
[A]a low—salt diet may be prescribed for some people
[B]the amount of salt intake has nothing to do with one’s blood pressure
[C]the reduction of salt intake can cure a hypertensive patient
[D]an extremely low—salt diet makes no difference to anyone

53.In the third paragraph。Dr.Laragh implies that___.
[A]people should not be afraid of taking excessive salt
[B]doctors should not advise people to avoid salt
[C]an adequate to excessive salt intake is recommended for people in disease
[D]excessive salt intake has claimed some victims in the general population

54.The phrase“vocal…exponent”(Line 2,Para.5)most probably refers to___.
[A]eloquent doctor
[B]articulate opponent
[C]loud speaker
[D]strong advocate

55.What is the main message of this text?
[A]That the salt scare is not justified.
[B]That the orgin of hypertension is now found.
[C]That the moderate use of salt is recommended.
[D]That salt consumption is www.pets12345.com

短文赏析
本文讲述了食盐多少与健康关系的争论。近年来有很多医生都把食盐量过高认做很多严重疾病的引发因素,但现今有很多医学界人士认为食盐量多少并不会对普通的健康产生过大的影响。人们平常的食盐量应当恰当合适,而有肾病、肝病或心脏病的人们需要控制食盐量,但不能证明食盐过多会造成高血压。盐并不是人类的敌人,而是人体组织必需的自然元素,除非医生认为你患有与盐有关的www.pets12345.com需戒盐。
答案及解析
51.C【解析】由短文第一段中的“Smith noted,‘Between the amout of sodium a person consumes and heart disease,circulatory disorders,stroke and even early death.”’可知。
52.D 【解析】由短文第二段中的“…showed www.pets12345.com normal blood pressure underwent no change at all when placed on an extremely low.salt diet。…”可知。
53.B 【解析】第三段中Dr.Laragh提到“…所以建议所有人应该少吃盐没有意义。”可以推知,他的言下之意是“医生不应建议人们不吃盐”。
54.D【解析】由整www.pets12345.com“低盐并不适于所有人”可知,此处“even the very vocal‘low salt’exponent”意为“即使是强力推荐的‘低盐”’。
55.A【解析】由整篇文章可知,www.pets12345.com信息为“食盐致病理论没有道理”。