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2010全国英语PETS三级考前训练02
Read the following text. Choose the best word or phrase for each numbered blank and Mark A,B.C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1.
Most young people enjoy physical activities,walking,cycling,football,or mountaineering.
These who have a passion_26_climbing high and difficult mountains are often 27 with astonishment why are men and women 28 to suffer cold and hardship,and to 29 on high mountains? This astonishment is caused,probably,by the difference between mountaineering and other forms of activities 30 which men give their leisure.
There are no man—made rules,as there are for 3l games as golf and football.There are,of course,rules of different kinds which it would be dangerous to 32 ,but it is this freedom from man—made rules 33 makes mountaineering attractive to many people.Those who climb mountains fire free to use their own 34 .
If we 35 mountaineering with other more familiar sports,we might think that one big difference is 36 mountaineering is not a “team work”.However,it is only our misunderstanding.There are,in fact,no“ matches” 37
“teams” of climbers,but when climbers are on a rock face linked by a rope on which their lives may 38 ,0bviously,there is teamwork.
A mountain climber knows that he may have to fight with natural 39 that are stronger and more powerful than man.His sport requires high mental and 40 qualities.
A mountain climber 41 to improve on skill year after year.A skier is probably past his best by the age of thirty,and most international champions 42 in their early twenties.But it is not 43 for men of fifty or sixty to climb the highest mountains in the Alps.They may take more 44 than younger men,but they probably climb with more skill and less 45 of effort,and they certainly experience equal enjoyment.


26.[A]for [B]in [C]to [D]of
27.[A]looked up to [B]looked forward[C]looked into [D]looked upon
28.[A]willing [B]reluctant [C]unwilling [D]probable
29.[A]take pains [B]run risk [C]take a risk [D]make efforts
30.[A]to [B]with [C]for [D]towards
31.[A]so [B]various [C]different [D]such
32.[A]apply [B]worry [C]ignore [D]notice
33.[A]which [B]that [C]how [D]why
34.[A]methods [B]form [C]rules [D]activities
35.[A]correlate [B]relate [C]compare [D]contrast
36.[A]for [B]what [C]which [D]that
37.[A]within [B]from [C]beyond [D]between
38.[A]exist [B]go [C]depend [D]confide
39.[A]strength [B]storms [C]powers [D]forces
40.[A]physician [B]physical [C]physiological [D]psychological
41.[A]tries [B]continues [C]wants [D]decides
42.[A]will be [B]appear [C]are [D]is
43.[A]unusual [B]normal [C]common [D]strange
44.[A]strength [B]efforts [C]energy [D]time
45.[A]shortage [B]lack [C]rubbish [D]waste

参考译文
大多数年轻人都喜欢体育运动,散步、骑自行车、足球或是登山这些热爱攀登既高又费力的山峰的登山者们经常令人感到惊奇。
为什么人们愿意经受严寒和困难去高高的山上冒险呢?这种惊奇很可能是由登山与人们从事的其他休闲运动之间的差别引起的。
不同于高尔夫球和足球这样的游戏活动,没有人为登山制定规则。
当然,登山有不同种类的规定,不遵守这些规定,登山就会很危险。正是由于不受人为制定规则的制约,登山吸引了很多人登山者可以自由地使用自己的方法。
如果把登山和其他我们熟悉的体育运动做比较,,我们可能会认为它们之间一个很大的不同就是登山不是一项“集体运动”。要是这样想那我们就错了。确实,登山队伍之间没有竞争比赛,但是当登山者们处于岩石表面,他们的生命系于这根绳索之上时,很明显这就是团队合作。
登山者清楚他必须同比人类更强大更有力的自然力量做斗争。他从事的体育项目要求他具备很高的心理和身体素质。
登山者可以年复一年地不断提高技能。一个滑雪手可能在30岁时就过了竞技的黄金年龄,大多数国际网球冠军是刚刚20出头。然而五六十岁的人登上阿尔卑斯山脉中的最高峰却一点也不稀奇。他们也许比年轻人要付出更多的时间,但他们技巧更加娴熟,省了不少体力。当然,他们会享受到同样多的乐趣。

答案及解析
26.A解析】此题考查词语搭配。have a passion for th.为固定搭配,意为“对…有强烈的感情、爱好”
27.D解析】此题考查动词短语的搭卧!和对文意的理解。A项look up to意为“仰慕,尊敬(某人)”;B项look forward意为“期待,盼望”,与介词to搭配;C项look into意为“调查(问题、罪行等)”;只有D项look upon(又作look on)有“把…看作,把…视为”之意,符合原文的意思。
28.A解析】此题考查对上下文的理解。A项willing意为“愿意的”,前一句话已表明人们热爱攀登高山险山,根据上下文推测,此处应为“愿意的”。
29.C解析】此题考查短语辨析和对文意的理解。B项run risk意勾“冒险”,有被动地处于危险之中的意思;C项take a risk也为“冒险”之意,但不同于B项,这里有明知道有危险也要主动去冒险的意思。根据上下文推测,既然登山者愿意遭受严寒克服困难应该是主动去冒险。
30.A解析】give leisure to sth.的意思是“把空闲时间用于…”。
31.D解析】此句的意思是“像高尔夫和足球那样的游戏”,因为词性不同,当修饰单数名词时,so的用法是so+adj+a(n)+n.,如so tall a man;而such的用法是such+a(n)+adj,+n.,如such a beautiful girl。
32.C解析】此句意为“不遵守规定登山会很危险”。C项ignore “忽视,不理”,最符合题意。
33.B解析】此题考查对语法句型的掌握。“It is…that…”为强调句型
34.A解析】此题考查对文意的理解。文中的意思是“登山者们自由地选择登山方法”,故选择A项。
35.D解析】此题考查词义辨析。C项compare with意为“与…比较”;D项contrast with意为“对比,对照”,指比较某一物与另一物,以显出它们相异之处,出现明显的差别。此句后面有“one big difference”。
36.D解析】连词that引导的从句作系动词is的表语。可根据选项的词性和其在句子中作的语法成分进行分析。
37.D解析】此题考查介词的用法。D项between意为“在…之间”句意为“登山队伍之间没有竞争比赛,这是事实”。
38.C解析】此题考查词义辨析。depend on sb.or sth.指“需要某人或某物的支持和帮助”,文章的意思是“他们的生命取决于一根绳索”。且depend与介词on搭配。
39.D解析】此题考查词义辨析。A,C,D项都有“力量”之意。但strength强调“力量的强度”;power指“运用能力或是体力和脑力来做某事”;force指“实施力量,产生行动或是征服对手”,最符合题意。
40.B解析】这里与mental“智力的”相对应的应为physical“体力的”。
41.B解析】此题考查对文意的理解。根据此句后面的year after year,此处应选有“持续”之意的动词B项。
42.C解析】系动词be+in+one’s twenties表示“在某人二十多岁时”。因为主语是名词复数,故选C。
43.A解析】此题考查词义辨析和对文意的理解。A项unusual意勾“不寻常的”根据上下文,双重否定表示肯定。
44.D解析】根据对上下文的理解。爬山者年龄大应该“使用更多的时间”。
45.D解析】A项shortage意为“短缺”;D项waste意为“浪费”。此处指保存体力,不浪费体力。